Wiley is best known for his pieces showing African-Americans in hip-hop gears, with poses referencing classic paintings.
Former first lady Michelle Obama also selected African-American artist Amy Sherald to paint her portrait.
The Obamas’ portraits will be unveiled in early 2018, and will become an addition to the permanent collection of the National Portrait Gallery.
Sherald is the first woman to win first place in the National Portrait Gallery’s Outwin Boochever Portrait Competition, which she won in 2016.
Kehinde Wiley was born in 1977 to a Nigerian father and an African-American mother.